Sunday, July 24, 2016

CanLII Takes Over Best Guide to Canadian Legal Research

The Canadian Legal Information Institute (CanLII), the free law society-supported Internet site for finding Canadian jurisprudence and legislation, is taking over the Best Guide to Canadian Legal Research, a well-known website launched by Catherine Best in 1998:
"Catherine Best retired In 2015 and she generously donated the site to CanLII to use as our legal research guide going forward. Best says:"
'The world of legal research is dramatically different than it was in 1998. However, the site’s emphasis on research process and effective electronic research continues to fill a need. It will be fascinating to see what changes the next 15 years will bring.'
"The site has been renamed The Canadian Legal Research and Writing Guide (...) It will be maintained and expanded by a national editorial board of legal researchers."
The Board is composed of:
  • Melanie Bueckert, Legal Research Counsel with the Manitoba Court of Appeal in Winnipeg
  • Maryvon Côté, Acting Head at the Nahum Gelber Law Library at McGill University in Montreal
  • Yasmin Khan, Head Librarian at the City of Toronto Law Library
  • Mandy Ostick, Manager, Library Services at Bull Housser in Vancouver
  • Jennifer Taylor, Research Lawyer at Stewart McKelvey in Halifax

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 4:36 pm 0 comments links to this post

Thursday, July 21, 2016

Statistics Canada Article on Police-Reported Crime

Yesterday, the Statistics Canada publication Juristat published an article entitled Police-reported crime statistics, 2015:
"Police-reported crime in Canada, as measured by both the Crime Severity Index (CSI) and the crime rate, increased in 2015. This marked the first rise in police-reported crime in 12 years. The CSI grew 5% from 2014 to 2015, but was 31% lower than it was a decade earlier in 2005."

"The rise in the CSI, which measures the volume and severity of police-reported crime, was primarily a result of more incidents of fraud, breaking and entering, robbery, and homicide. A notable increase in crime reported in Alberta and smaller increases in British Columbia, Ontario and Saskatchewan also contributed to the upward movement of the national CSI."

"The traditional police-reported crime rate, which measures the volume of police-reported crime relative to the population size, also increased in 2015, rising 3% from the previous year. While the crime rate grew in 2015, it has generally been on a downward trend since the early 1990s, with the only other increase reported in 2003."

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 6:08 pm 0 comments links to this post

Supreme Court of Canada: New Library Titles

The list of new library titles added to the Supreme Court of Canada collection for the period July 1-15, 2016 is now available on the Court website.

It is possible to subscribe via e-mail to receive the list.

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 6:05 pm 0 comments links to this post

Wednesday, July 20, 2016

Law Library of Congress Report on Miranda Warning Equivalents Around the World

The Law Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. has published a report a little while ago about Miranda Warning Equivalents in more than 100 countries around the world.

In the United States, so-called Miranda rights are named after the US Supreme Court decision of Miranda v. Arizona, 384 US 436 (1966) that determined that a person detained by law enforcement and interrogated must be made aware of the right to remain silent, the right to consult with an attorney and have the attorney present during questioning, and the right to have an attorney appointed if they can't afford one. Without a Miranda warning or a valid waiver, statements might be inadmissible at trial.

According to the introduction of the Law Library of Congress report:
"The warnings specified in the surveyed jurisdictions vary, but typically include the right to remain silent and the right to legal counsel.  A number of countries also specify that a person who is arrested or detained has the right to be informed of the reasons for the arrest or detention or of the charges being brought.  In some countries, the additional right to have these things explained in a language the detainee understands is explicitly stated.  Commonwealth countries have traditionally followed the English Judges’ Rules developed in the early twentieth century, and some continue to do so, while many Member States of the European Union (EU) have adopted an EU directive on the issue."

"Points of variance among the countries concern the timing of the warning and whether the detainee is told that the fact of remaining silent will or will not be used in legal proceedings."   

"Countries surveyed that have no Miranda-type warning were not included. "
The Law Library of Congress is the world’s largest law library, with a collection of over 2.65 million volumes from all ages of history and virtually every jurisdiction in the world.

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 9:44 pm 0 comments links to this post

Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Update from the Canadian Federation of Library Associations

The membership of the Canadian Library Association (CLA) voted on January 27, 2016 to dissolve the organization and launch a new Canadian Federation of Library Associations (CFLA).

Recently, Donna Bourne-Tyson, the CFLA Interim Chair, published an update on the new federation's activities.

It includes information about:
  • Initiatives related to Truth and Reconciliation Commission Calls to Action
  • Copyright
  • Federal Budget Consultations
  • the CFLA's National Forum 2017
  • Social Media
  • Transition from CLA
Earlier Library Boy posts on the topic include:

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 1:57 pm 0 comments links to this post

Monday, July 18, 2016

ABA 2016 Harper Lee Prize for Legal Fiction Awarded to Pleasantville by Attica Locke

The 2016 Harper Lee Prize for Legal Fiction goes to Pleasantville, a novel by Attica Locke:
"The prize ... is given annually to a book-length work of fiction that best illuminates the role of lawyers in society and their power to effect change."
It is sponsored by ABA Journal and the University of Alabama School of Law. The first winner was John Grisham in 2011 for his novel The Confession.

The award is named after author Harper Lee, whose novel To Kill A Mockingbird, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1961.

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 5:50 pm 0 comments links to this post

Wednesday, July 13, 2016

Statistics Canada Report on Human Trafficking

The Statistics Canada publication Juristat has published a report on Trafficking in persons in Canada, 2014:
"As defined by the Criminal Code of Canada, trafficking in persons occurs when someone recruits, transports, transfers, receives, holds, conceals or harbours a person, or exercises control, direction or influence over the movements of a person for the purpose of exploiting them or facilitating their exploitation ... Human trafficking victims often suffer from emotional trauma, as well as economic, physical and sexual abuse ..."

"This Juristat article uses data from the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey to examine the scope of police-reported human trafficking in Canada, including the frequency of trafficking incidents. It also describes the characteristics of victims and of those accused of trafficking in persons. In addition, the article presents information on criminal court cases related to trafficking in persons. Throughout this article, the term ‘human trafficking’ will be used interchangeably with ‘trafficking in persons’. "

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 7:59 pm 0 comments links to this post

Tuesday, July 12, 2016

Primary Research Group Report on Benchmarks for Academic Library Use of Bibliometrics & Altmetrics

New York-based Primary Research Group has published a report on International Benchmarks for Academic Library Use of Bibliometrics & Altmetrics, 2016-17:
"This study presents data from 20 predominantly research universities in the USA, continental Europe, the UK, Canada and Australia/New Zealand.  Among the survey participants are: Carnegie Mellon, Cambridge University, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya the University at Albany, the University of Melbourne, Florida State University, the University of Alberta and Victoria University of Wellington."
"The report gives detailed data on the use of various bibliometric and altmetric tools such as Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scimago, Plum Analytics, and many, many others.  The 114-page report presents detailed information on staffing, budgets, marketing, sources of demand,  technology and other factors in bibliometric and altmetric service development."
Print and PDF versions are available for $109(US). Site licenses are also available.

Earlier Library Boy posts about Primary Research Group include:


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posted by Michel-Adrien at 8:36 pm 0 comments links to this post

Survey on Scanning Practices for Inter-Library Loan

The Reference and Users Services Association, a division of the American Library Association, is surveying Inter-Library Loan and Document Delivery practitioners in libraries to find out what equipment and scanning practices are currently in use today.

The organizers will report back to the ILL community and use the survey results  to build discussion about best practices for scanning.

The survey will close on July 29, 2016.

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 8:30 pm 0 comments links to this post

Thursday, July 07, 2016

Canadian Government Plans for New National Headquarters for Federal Courts

The Lawyers Weekly has published an article in its most recent issue about the federal government's intention to revive plans for building new national headquarters for Canada's four federal courts in Ottawa's downtown core:
"Estimated to cost about $151 million in 2006 when it was shelved by the Harper government, the design has nine stories, two-below-grade parking levels with 350 spaces, 10 courtrooms and 87 chambers on the upper floors for the judges of the Federal Court, Federal Court of Appeal, Tax Court and Court Martial Appeal Court. There is also room for registry staff and administrative services (476 people in all) in the 48,000-square-metre building that would sit west of the Supreme Court of Canada (where the Conservatives planned to build the controversial National Memorial to Victims of Communism) and across from the Justice Building, the historic headquarters of the federal Department of Justice which now houses MPs offices. The communism victims’ memorial has been moved to another location but may ultimately be shelved."
The article outlines the history of the project going back more than two decades as well as the rationale for centralizing federal court operations which are currently scattered throughout Ottawa in leased commercial space.

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 4:23 pm 0 comments links to this post

Wednesday, July 06, 2016

Canadian Forum on Civil Justice June 2016 Access to Justice Newsletter

The non-profit Canadian Forum on Access to Justice (CFCJ) publishes a monthly newsletter about Access to Justice.

The latest issue of the newsletter includes:
  • news about a study on the role of paralegals in the Ontario residential tenancy dispute resolution system
  • a piece on the changing culture of legal aid in Nova Scotia
  • an overview of recent presentations by CFCJ staff and researchers at a number of national and international conferences.

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 4:47 pm 0 comments links to this post

July 2016 Issue of In Session: Canadian Association of Law Libraries' e-Newsletter

The July 2016 issue of In Session is available online.

It is the monthly e-newsletter of the Canadian Association of Law Libraries (CALL) and contains news from CALL committees and special interest groups, member updates and events.

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 4:42 pm 0 comments links to this post

Monday, July 04, 2016

CanLII Turns 15

CanLII, the Canadian Legal Information Institute, turned 15 over the weekend. The service was launched by the Federation of Law Societies as means of making legal information freely available via the Internet. It has grown into an indispensable legal research tool:
"CanLII started 15 years ago as a small website with current case law and legislation, and today it is one of the biggest players in the Canadian legal information landscape and an indispensable resource to lawyers and notaries. Not a day goes by without a legal professional telling us that he or she relies almost entirely (or entirely) on CanLII for his or her primary law needs. Other regular feedback ranges from telling us that CanLII is a “practice enabler” for small firm or solo practitioners to enthusiastic declarations of love."

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 3:34 pm 0 comments links to this post

Thursday, June 30, 2016

Updated Research Guides From GlobaLex

GlobaLex, the electronic collection created by the Hauser Global Law School Program at the New York University School of Law, recently updated some of its research guides:
  • Comparative Law: "What is meant by comparative law? In the strict sense, it is the theoretical study of legal systems by comparison with each other, and has a tradition going back over a century. In recent years it has gained in practical importance for two reasons. The first is the increased globalization of world trade, involving the need to conduct business in unfamiliar legal systems. The second is the move towards harmonization of laws, and more recently towards codification within the European Union, where several legal traditions coexist. More loosely, there are publications and internet resources that assemble legal materials from several jurisdictions, without necessarily undertaking comparisons, but they can be seen as 'tools of the trade' for comparative lawyers."
  • Researching Customary International Law, State Practice and the Pronouncements of States Regarding International Law: "This research guide is intended to be an introduction to the concept of international custom and its place as a source of international law. The primary focus is on researching state practice and the pronouncements of states regarding international law as evidence of custom. While treaties, state law and the actions of international organizations can also contribute to customary international law, this guide does not assist with researching these areas. References to some of the excellent research guides already written on these areas are included. The guide introduces the researcher to titles that provide texts of the pronouncements of states regarding international law, both U.S. and international. There are also recommendations for secondary sources and finding aids helpful in describing state practice and in tracking down additional resources. Lastly, a list of additional research guides on customary international law is also provided. These alternate research guides were used extensively in preparation for writing this guide, and are highly recommended as additional resources on the subject. "
  • Introduction to Public International Law Research: "Public International Law is composed of the laws, rules and principles of general application that deal with the conduct of nation states and international organizations among themselves as well as the relationships between nation states and international organizations with persons, whether natural or juridical. Public International Law is sometimes called the 'law of nations' or just simply International Law. It should not be confused with Private International Law, which is primarily concerned with the resolution of conflict of laws in the international setting, determining the law of which country is applicable to specific situations. In researching this field of law, the researcher must also be aware of Comparative Law, the study of differences and similarities between the laws of different countries. Comparative Law is the study of the different legal systems in existence in the world, i.e.; common law, civil law, socialist law, Islamic law, Hindu law and Chinese law."

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 1:31 pm 0 comments links to this post

Effects of Demand-Driven Acquisitions on Law Library Collection Development

The Spring 2016 issue of Law Library Journal, a publication of the American Association of Law Libraries, has a feature article on The Effects of Demand-Driven Acquisitions on Law Library Collection Development :
"Many academic libraries have begun using demand-driven or patron-driven acquisitions (DDA or PDA). In this model of collection development, instead of purchasing materials and then adding records for them to the online catalog, a library adds records for certain items without purchasing them. Payment occurs only if and when the item is used."

"While generally thought of as being used for e-books, similar systems can be used for journal articles and print books. DDA has been around for almost two decades, but it is only recently that the convergence of several factors—the increasing availability of e-books on law topics, a strong and ever-growing preference for electronic materials by users, and closer scrutiny of both library collection budgets and library space—have made this a tool that law libraries, particularly academic law libraries, are likely to consider (...) "

"This article begins with a brief discussion of collection development practices in academic law libraries, followed by descriptions of both the mechanics and the goals of DDA programs. It then looks at possible changes to library collections as a result of these programs and suggests ways that librarians can continue to develop their collections in a professional manner while still taking advantage of the quick, easy, and possibly cost-saving aspects of DDA. The article focuses on academic law libraries, which are the most likely users of DDA, but in the long term, DDA will affect all law libraries because law firm and government law libraries frequently rely on academic law libraries to lend them materials that they do not own. "

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 1:24 pm 0 comments links to this post

Wednesday, June 29, 2016

Statistics Canada Report on Victimization of Aboriginal People

The Statistics Canada publication Juristat has published a report on Victimization of Aboriginal people in Canada, 2014:
"While violence involving Aboriginal people has been the focus of social policy and research for quite some time, their overrepresentation as victims of violent crime has recently been at the forefront in Canada. Various reports have highlighted the elevated risk of victimization experienced by Aboriginal people. Examples include information produced by the Native Women’s Association of Canada, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and Statistics Canada (...)."

"A better understanding of the extent of Aboriginal victimization—along with the context in which this violence occurs, the characteristics associated with violence and possible risk factors that contribute to violence—may help to inform prevention and policy programs. One source of information that can be used to measure violence against Aboriginal people in Canada is through the General Social Survey (GSS) on Victimization. By asking respondents aged 15 years or older to recount their experiences of selected forms of both violent and non-violent victimization, this survey captures detailed information on criminal incidents that may or may not have come to the attention of police."
Among the highlights:
  • In 2014, a higher proportion of Aboriginal people than non-Aboriginal people in Canada reported being victimized in the previous 12 months. Overall, 28% of Aboriginal people living in the provinces and territories compared with 18% of non-Aboriginal people reported being the victim of one of the eight types of offences measured by the General Social Survey (GSS) on Victimization.
  • Compared with 2009, fewer Aboriginal people reported being a victim of one of the eight crimes measured by the GSS on Victimization in 2014. The proportion of Aboriginal people living in the 10 provinces that reported being a victim decreased from 38% in 2009 to 28% in 2014, while the proportion of Aboriginal victims in the Territories decreased from 36% to 28% over the same period.
  • In 2014, the overall rate of violent victimization among Aboriginal people was more than double that of non-Aboriginal people
  • When controlling for various risk factors, Aboriginal identity by itself did not remain associated with increasing one’s overall risk of violent victimization. Rather, the higher rates of victimization observed among Aboriginal people appeared to be related to the increased presence of other risk factors among this group—such as experiencing childhood maltreatment, perceiving social disorder in one’s neighbourhood, having been homeless, using drugs, or having fair or poor mental health.
  • According to the 2014 GSS on Victimization, Aboriginal females had an overall rate of violent victimization that was double that of Aboriginal males, close to triple that of non-Aboriginal females and more than triple that of non-Aboriginal males.

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 3:11 pm 0 comments links to this post

Tuesday, June 28, 2016

Supreme Court of Canada: New Library Titles

The list of new library titles added to the Supreme Court of Canada collection for the second half of June 2016 is now available on the Court website.

It is possible to subscribe via e-mail to receive the list.

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 12:25 pm 0 comments links to this post

Monday, June 27, 2016

Brexit - What Happens Now?

Now that a majority of voters in the very (Dis)United Kingdom have voted in favour of leaving the European Union, what happens?

The Canadian Bar Association's National offers some insight in an article on The legal implications of Brexit.

The UK House of Commons Library has published a few research notes on the topic.

And according to Slaw.ca, whether you think the UK did the right thing, punched itself in the face in a moment of stupefying self-delusion or just jumped off the white cliffs of Dover without a parachute, it might be a boon for lawyers: "Leave it to lawyers to turn the largest demerger in history into business like advice on tax, 'antitrust, immigration, intellectual property, trade agreements, employment and other areas of law'."

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 1:10 pm 0 comments links to this post

Sunday, June 26, 2016

Further Details About the Dissolution of the Canadian Library Association

The membership of the Canadian Library Association (CLA) voted on January 27, 2016 to dissolve the organization and launch a new federation of Canadian library associations.

The CLA provided an update about the transition.

It includes information about:
  • Special Purpose Funds (charitable donations received by CLA for a special purpose)
  • lease of CLA office space
  • CLA Archives
  • who will be taking over advocacy work on copyright, ebooks and other issues
  • CLA Position Statements
  • who will take over CLA Awards, Scholarships and Research Grants
  • CLA websites
  • administration of the Library Materials Shipping Tool
  • physical assets
  • the RDA cataloguing standard
  • accreditation of Canadian MLIS programs
  • who takes over the Young Canada Works program
  • Copyright on CLA Publications
  • and many others 
Earlier Library Boy posts on the topic include:

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posted by Michel-Adrien at 9:43 pm 0 comments links to this post